2021 Vol. 41, No. 1
Article Contents

TIAN Yangyang, CHANG Fengqin, ZHANG Hucai, ZHANG Xiaonan, WU Han, DUAN Lizeng, FENG Yizhe, CHEN Yang. Grain-size distribution patterns of the surface sediments and their influential factors in Lake Xingyun[J]. Quaternary Sciences, 2021, 41(1): 78-87. doi: 10.11928/j.issn.1001-7410.2021.01.07
Citation: TIAN Yangyang, CHANG Fengqin, ZHANG Hucai, ZHANG Xiaonan, WU Han, DUAN Lizeng, FENG Yizhe, CHEN Yang. Grain-size distribution patterns of the surface sediments and their influential factors in Lake Xingyun[J]. Quaternary Sciences, 2021, 41(1): 78-87. doi: 10.11928/j.issn.1001-7410.2021.01.07

Grain-size distribution patterns of the surface sediments and their influential factors in Lake Xingyun

  • Fund Project:

    云南省领军人才项目(批准号:2015HA024)和云南省高端人才引进项目(批准号:2010CI111)共同资助

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  • Lake Xingyun(24°17'~24°23'N, 102°45'~102°48'E), one of the nine large lakes in Yunnan Plateau with a lake surface area of 34.5 km2 and drainage area of about 378 km2, is located in south of Kunming of Yunnan Province, southwestern China. The maximum water depth of the lake is ca.10.8 m, with an average water depth of about 6 m. Located in the plateau area near the Tropic of Cancer, Lake Xingyun has the characteristics of subtropical monsoon climate with rainy season lasted from May to October and dry season from December to April of following year. The drainage is dominated by southwestern winds almost yearly, especially during the dry seasons. The annual average temperature is about 15.5 ℃ and the annual average rainfall is about 863 mm that mainly concentrated from May to October.

    Based on the analysis of 84 surface sediment samples, this paper discussed the relationship between anthropogenic impact and geographical environment reflected by the spatial variation characteristic of grain size in Lake Xingyun. The results show that the average components value of silt, clay and sand in surface sediment are 30.68%, 62.48%and 7.04%respectively It is revealed that the components of sediments are mainly ranged from silt to clay. The type of grain size of northern lake is mainly sand because of the effect of river input by Longtan River, Dongda River and Xida River. Meanwhile, the southern lake is mainly fine materials due to the impact of prevailing winds, lake flows and wetlands. The sediment in eastern are mainly silt and clay, reflecting the effects of the powerful lake flows, moreover, the grain size is also influenced by the human activities from the surrounding farmlands and Luosi River. The northern part of the lake is characterized by the combination of both main-peak and multi-peak features, and the eastern is characterized by double-peak, and the southwestern is characterized by the combination of both main-peak and double-peak. Generally, except the southern part closed to Gehe, the sorting separation of the grain size in Lake Xingyun is poor which tend to be fine-grained, while the northern area is positive bias. The modern sediments of Lake Xingyun are of great significance to the changes of sedimentary environment and provenances, and can be used as a suitable record to study lake sediments and environmental changes.

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