2017 Vol. 37, No. 1
Article Contents

Wu Haibin, Liu Xiuming, Lü Bin, Ma Mingming, Ji Jinping, Wang Wenyan, Zhang Yuyin, Hou Jili. Aeolian origin of the Twelve Apostles section, in Australia[J]. Quaternary Sciences, 2017, 37(1): 82-96. doi: 10.11928/j.issn.1001-7410.2017.01.08
Citation: Wu Haibin, Liu Xiuming, Lü Bin, Ma Mingming, Ji Jinping, Wang Wenyan, Zhang Yuyin, Hou Jili. Aeolian origin of the Twelve Apostles section, in Australia[J]. Quaternary Sciences, 2017, 37(1): 82-96. doi: 10.11928/j.issn.1001-7410.2017.01.08

Aeolian origin of the Twelve Apostles section, in Australia

  • Fund Project:

    国家自然科学基金项目(批准号:41210002和U1405231)资助

More Information
  • The Twelve Apostles as a well known landmark, were 12 residual sea stacks, located in the Port Campbell National Park, south coast of Victoria, Australia. The stratum of these sea stacks and surrounding coastal cliffs are generally believed to be marine limestone deposited continental shelf since the Tertiary Period. They indeed show weathering characteristics of karst, such as stalactite, stalagmite and clint in some locations. However, such karst features are found to be formed during secondary weathering, as they are hardly to be followed along their bedding. Furthermore, aeolian pedogenic features are observed from this deposition, such as:(1) Many CaCO3 nodules were deposited underneath these beds; (2) Plant root fossils are commonly found in such beds; (3) Some beds are tilted to follow paleotopography, indicating their original topsoil position. In order to understand the origin of Port Campbell Limestone, one section from the Twelve Apostles (143°05'21"E, 38°39'57"S) was selected to study. The thickness of the section is 50m and 220 samples were totally collected from the top to 50m of the section, sampling intervals are 10cm in upper section (from 0m to 8m) and 30cm in lower section (from 8m to 50m). Particle size, morphology of quartz grains, Rare Earth Elements (REE) were measured and compared with those of typical Quaternary aeolian loess-palaeosols and modern beach sand. The particles size of the whole section shows uniform fine feature and smaller than 100 μm. Silt fractions of Port Campbell Limestone are constantly dominant with the median grain size varying from 3.014 μm to 20.702 μm. Its particle characteristics of Port Campbell Limestone differs from those of modern beach sand, however are very close to those of loess and palaeosols according to Sahu's empirical judgement equation (the Y-values of eolian deposits using the equation should be smaller than -2.7411). Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) analysis demonstrations that most of the quartz grains from Port Campbell Limestone have irregular and angular shapes and many are characterized by sharp edges and conchiform fractures. These morphology features of quartz grain are considered as wind-blown characteristic. The REE patterns of Port Campbell Limestone show extreme homogeneity with those of Chinese loess-paleosol in Xifeng. These samples enriched LREE and fairly flat HREE profiles, are also the REE properties of the upper continental crust (UCC). These results indicate that the sediments of Port Campbell Limestone were all derived from well-mixed sedimentary protoliths, as are characteristic of eolian deposits. Together with features of pedogenic CaCO3 nodules and plant root fossils, the Port Campbell Limestone is rather similar in some of its properties to the Quaternary loess-palaeosols. We thus suspect the Port Campbell Limestone was unlikely deposited under an environment of continental shelf, but developed in continent as topsoil environment mainly. Previous studies revealed that climatic condition surround Lake Eyre basin had a clear change from Middle Miocene to Late Miocene, marked by deposition cessation of carbonaceous sediments and decreasing proportion of Nothofagus pollen. Aridification in Lake Eyre basin during this period may provide an aeolian source to deposit silt dust in Port Campbell and down wind area. Since Miocene, climate change between warm and cool has occurred many times, leading sea-level changes. This could be one of the reasons to interpret the aeolian sediment and pedogenic developed by coast also containing shells and well-preserved shallow or open-marine microfauna in some strata positions.

  • 加载中
  • [1]

    冯增昭.碳酸盐岩沉积环境及岩相古地理的研究.石油实验地质, 1980, 2(3):24~31

    Feng Zengzhao. Study of sedimentary environment and lithofacies paleogeography of carbonate stone. Petroleum Geology & Experiment, 1980, 2(3):24~31

    [2]

    Irwin M L. General theory of epeiric clear water sedimentation. AAPG Bulletin, 1965, 49(4):445~459

    [3]

    Laporte L F. Recognition of a transgressive carbonate sequence within an epeiric sea:Helderberg Group (Lower Devonian) of New York State. AAPG Bulletin, 1969, 51(1):98~119

    [4]

    Wilson J L. Carbonate Facies in Geologic History. New York:Springer-Verlag, 1975. 1~471

    [5]

    关士聪, 演怀玉, 丘东洲等.中国晚元古代至三叠纪海域沉积环境模式探讨.石油与天然气地质, 1980, 1(1):2~17

    Guan Shichong, Yan Huaiyu, Qiu Dongzhou et al. Investigations on the marine sedimentary environmental model of China in Late-Proterozoic to Triassic periods. Oil & Gas Geology, 1(1):2~17

    [6]

    Erik F. Microfacies of Carbonate Rocks:Analysis, Interpretation and Application. New York:Springer Verlag, 2004. 10~21

    [7]

    Pappalardo M, Chelli A, Ciampalini A et al. Evolution of an Upper Pleistocene aeolianite in the northern Mediterranean (Liguria, NW Italy). Italian Journal of Geosciences, 2013, 132(2):290~303 doi: 10.3301/IJG.2012.30

    [8]

    Lipar M, Webb J A. The formation of the pinnacle karst in Pleistocene aeolian calcarenites (Tamala limestone) in Southwestern Australia. Earth Science Reviews, 2014, 140(5):182~202

    [9]

    李孝泽, 董光荣, 靳鹤龄等.鄂尔多斯白垩系沙丘岩的发现.科学通报, 1999, 44(8):874~877 doi: 10.1007/BF02884931

    Li Xiaoze, Dong Guangrong, Jin Heling et al. Discovery of Ordos Cretaceous dune rock and its significance. Chinese Science Bulletin, 1999, 44(22):2102~2106 doi: 10.1007/BF02884931

    [10]

    Elasmar H M. Aeolianite sedimentation along the northwestern coast of Egypt:Evidence for Middle to Late Quaternary aridity. Quaternary Science Reviews, 1994, 13(8):699~708 doi: 10.1016/0277-3791(94)90100-7

    [11]

    Sperling C H B, Goudie A S. The miliolite of western India:A discussion of the aeolian and marine hypotheses. Sedimentary Geology, 1975, 13(1):71~75 doi: 10.1016/0037-0738(75)90052-4

    [12]

    Vacher H L, Rowe M P. Geology and Hydrogeology of Carbonate Islands. New York:Elsevier, 1997. 1~933

    [13]

    Vacher H, Hearty L, Rowe M et al. Stratigraphy of Bermuda:Principles and application of multiple systems of classification. Special Paper of the Geological Society of America, 1995, 300:271~294

    [14]

    Erginal A E, Kiyak N G, Ekinci Y L et al. Age, composition and paleoenvironmental significance of a Late Pleistocene eolianite from the western Black Sea coast of Turkey. Quaternary International, 2013, 296:168~175 doi: 10.1016/j.quaint.2012.04.031

    [15]

    业治铮, 张明书, 韩春瑞等.西沙石岛风成石灰岩和化石土壤的发现及其意义.海洋地质与第四纪地质, 1984, 4(1):1~10

    Ye Zhizheng, Zhang Mingshu, Han Chunrui et al. A new discovery on Shidao Island of Xisha archipelago:Eolianite (eolian calcarenite) and fossil soils. Marine Geology & Quaternary Geology, 1984, 4(1):1~10

    [16]

    赵希涛, 王绍鸿, 孙亨伦等.福建莆田海岸沙丘岩的发现与鉴别.海洋地质与第四纪地质, 1986, 6(4):117~118

    Zhao Xitao, Wang Shaohong, Sun Henglun et al. Discovery and distinguish of carbonate eolianitein Putian, Fujian. Marine Geology & Quaternary Geology, 1986, 6(4):117~118

    [17]

    刘以宣, 朱袁智, 卓家伦.汕头广澳全新世风坡积砂丘岩的发现--兼论东南沿海全新世碳酸盐胶结碎屑岩的类型.热带海洋, 1987, 6(4):1~9

    Liu Yixuan Zhu Yuanzhi Zhuo Jialun. Discovery of Holocene aeolian-deluvium dune rock at Shantou Guang'ao--Discussion on types of Holocene calcicemented clasolite along the coast of Southeast China. Journal of Tropical Oceanography, 1987, 6(4):1~9

    [18]

    Butts C. The Loyalhanna limestone of southwestern Pennsylvania especially with regard to its age and correlation. American Journal of Science, 1924, 45(6):249~257

    [19]

    Berg T M. Ancient eolianite (wind blown sand) in Centre County. Pennsylvania Geology, 1980, 11(6):13~15

    [20]

    Adams R W. Loyalhanna limestone cross-bedding and provenance. In:Fisher C W, Pettijohn F J, Reed J C et al. eds. Studies of Appalachian Geology:Central and Southern. New York:Interscience Publishers, 1970. 83~100

    [21]

    Dodd J R, Zuppann C W, Harris C D et al. Petrologic method for distinguishing eolian and marine grainstones, Ste. Genevieve limestone (Mississippian) of Indiana. In:Keith B D, Zuppann C W eds. Mississippian Oolites and Modem Analogs. New York:American Association of Petroleum Geologists, 1993. 49~59

    [22]

    Ekdale A A, Picard M D. Trace fossils in a Jurassic eolianite, Entrada Sandstone, Utah, U.S.A. In:Curran H A ed. Biogenic Structures:Their Use in Interpreting Depositional Environments. New York:Society for Sedimentary Geology, 1985. 3~12

    [23]

    王国忠, 吕炳全.西沙群岛石岛上沉积背斜等组构的指相意义.同济大学学报, 1981, 10(4):71~79

    Wang Guozhong, Lü Bingquan. Environmental implication of sedimentary anticlinés and other fabrics of the pleistocene biosparites on Shidao Island of the Xisha archipelago. Journal of Tongji University, 1981, 10(4):71~79

    [24]

    邹仁林, 朱袁智, 王永川等.西沙群岛珊瑚礁组成成分的分析和"海藻脊"的讨论.海洋学报, 1979, 2(1):292~297

    Zou Renlin, Zhu Yuanzhi, Wang Yongchuan et al. Analysis of biotic composition and discussion of "Algalridge" on coral reefs of the Xisha Islands, Guangdong Province, China. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 1979, 2(1):292~297

    [25]

    业治铮, 何起祥, 张明书等.西沙石岛晚更新世风成生物砂屑灰岩的沉积构造和相模式.沉积学报, 1985, 3(1):1~15

    Ye Zhizheng, He Qixiang, Zhang Mingshu et al. The sedimentary structures and the facies model of the Late Pleistocene eolian biocalcarenites in Shidao Island of Xisha archipelago, China. Acta Sedimentologica Sinica, 1985, 3(1):1~15

    [26]

    冯伟民, 余汶.西沙群岛石岛晚更新世碳酸盐土壤层陆栖蜗牛化石.海洋地质与第四纪地质, 1991, 11(3):69~74

    Feng Weimin, Yu Wen. Terrestrial snail fossils in soil layers of Late Pleistocene eolian biocalcarenite in the Shidao Island of the Xisha Islands. Marine Geology & Quaternary Geology, 1991, 11(3):69~74

    [27]

    Baker G. Features of a Victorian limestone coastline. The Journal of Geology, 1943, 51(5):359~386

    [28]

    Baker G. The relationship of cyclammina-bearing sediments to the older Tertiary deposits southeast of Princetown, Victoria. Memoirs of Museum Victoria, 1953, 18:125~134

    [29]

    Tickell S J, Abele C, Edwards J. Port Campbell Embayment 1︰100000 Map Geological Report. Victoria:Geological Survey of Victoria, 1992. 21~32

    [30]

    Nicolaides S. Marine-derived dolomite in the shallowly buried temperate Port Campbell limestone (Miocene), Otway Basin, Australia. Sedimentology, 1997, 44(1):143~157 doi: 10.1111/sed.1997.44.issue-1

    [31]

    Nicolaides S. Cementation in Oligo-Miocene non-tropical shelf limestones, Otway Basin, Australia. Sedimentary Geology, 1995, 95(1):97~121

    [32]

    Holdgate G R, Gallagher S J. Tertiary:A period of transition to marine basin environments. In:Birch W D ed. Geology of Victoria. Melbourne:Geological Society of Australia, 2003. 289~335

    [33]

    Dickinson J A, Wallace M W, Holdgate G R et al. Origin and timing of the Miocene-Pliocene unconformity in Southeast Australia. Journal of Sedimentary Research, 2002, 72(2):288~303 doi: 10.1306/082701720288

    [34]

    鹿化煜, 安芷生.前处理方法对黄土沉积物粒度测量影响的实验研究.科学通报, 1997, 42(23):2535~2538

    Lu Huayu, An Zhisheng. The influence of pre-treatment to grain-size analysis results of loess. Chinese Science Bulletin, 1997, 42(23):2535~2538

    [35]

    孙有斌.黄土样中石英单矿物的分离.岩矿测试, 2001, 20(1):23~26

    Sun Youbin. Separation of quartz minerals from loess samples. Rock & Mineral Analysis, 2001, 20(1):23~26

    [36]

    国家海洋局.海洋调查规范.北京:海洋出版社, 1977. 9~88

    State Oceanic Administration. Specfication of Oceanographic Investigation. Beijing:China Ocean Press, 1979. 9~88

    [37]

    孙东怀, 安芷生, 苏瑞侠等.古环境中沉积物粒度组分分离的数学方法及其应用.自然科学进展, 2001, 11(3):269~276

    Sun Donghuai, An Zhisheng, Sun Ruixia et al. Mathematics method and its application of grain-size distribution of paleoenvironment sediments. Progress in Natural Sciences, 2001, 11(3):269~276

    [38]

    董玉祥.国外海岸沙丘形成与演化的研究.海洋地质与第四纪地质, 2001, 21(2):93~98

    Dong Yuxiang. Research on the formation and evolution of coastal dunes in foreign countries. Marine Geology & Quaternary Geology, 2001, 21(2):93~98

    [39]

    涂路遥, 周鑫, 刘毅等.近海泥质沉积物敏感粒径作为冬季风强度指标的再研究:与器测数据的对比.第四纪研究, 2015, 35(6):1393~1400

    Tu Luyao, Zhou Xin, Liu Yi et al. Re-analysis of sensitive grain size of coastal muddy sediments as proxy of winter monsoon strength:Comparison with instrumental data. Quaternary Sciences, 2015, 35(6):1393~1400

    [40]

    刘世昊, 丰爱平, 李培英等.现代黄河三角洲地区晚更新世以来高分辨率沉积粒度特征及动力沉积环境演化.第四纪研究, 2015, 35(2):291~306

    Liu Shihao, Feng Aiping, Li Peiying et al. High-resolution grain size distribution and evolution of the sediment-dynamic environment in the modern Yellow River delta since the Latest Pleistocene. Quaternary Sciences, 2015, 35(2):291~306

    [41]

    姜韬, 曾志刚, 南青云等.全新世以来冲绳海槽北部S9孔粒度变化特征及其古气候响应.第四纪研究, 2015, 35(2):307~318

    Jiang Tao, Zeng Zhigang, Nan Qingyun et al. The grain size characteristics of the core S9 sediments in the northern Okinawa Trough and their paleoclimate response since Holocene. Quaternary Sciences, 2015, 35(2):307~318

    [42]

    郭超, 马玉贞, 刘杰瑞等.过去2000年来西藏羊卓雍错沉积物粒度记录的气候变化.第四纪研究, 2016, 36(2):405~419

    Guo Chao, Ma Yuzhen, Liu Jierui et al. Climatic change recorded by grain-size in the past about 2000 years from Yamzhog Yumco Lake, Tibet. Quaternary Sciences, 2016, 36(2):405~419

    [43]

    Passega R. Grain size representation by CM patterns as a geologic tool. Journal of Sedimentary Research, 1964, 34(4):830~847 doi: 10.1306/74D711A4-2B21-11D7-8648000102C1865D

    [44]

    Doeglas D J. Grain-size indicates, classification and environment. Sedimentology, 1968, 10(2):83~100 doi: 10.1111/sed.1968.10.issue-2

    [45]

    Sahu B K. Depositional mechanisms from the size analysis of clastic sediments. Journal of Sedimentary Research, 1964, 34(1):337~343

    [46]

    乔彦松, 郭正堂, 郝青振等.中新世黄土-古土壤序列的粒度特征及其对成因的指示意义.中国科学(D辑), 2006, 36(7):646~653

    Qiao Yansong, Guo Zhengtang, Hao Qingzhen et al. Grain-size features of the Miocene loess soil sequence at Qin'an:Implications on its origin. Science in China (Series D), 2006, 36(7):646~653

    [47]

    鹿化煜, 安芷生.黄土高原红粘土与黄土古土壤粒度特征对比--红粘土风成成因的新证据.沉积学报, 1999, 17(2):226~232

    Lu Huayu, An Zhisheng. Comparison of grain-size distribution of red clay and loess-palaeosol deposits in Chinese Loess Plateau. Acta Sedimentologica Sinica, 1999, 17(2):226~232

    [48]

    张虎才.元素表生地球化学特征及理论基础.兰州:兰州大学出版社, 1997. 118~183

    Zhang Hucai. Superficial Elemental Geochemistry and Theoretical Principles. Lanzhou:Lanzhou University Press, 1997. 118~183

    [49]

    McLennan S M. Rare earth elements in sedimentary rocks:Influence of provenance and sedimentary processes. Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 1989, 21(1):169~200

    [50]

    李楠, 郝青振, 张绪教等.东秦岭黄土物源的常量元素和微量元素地球化学证据.第四纪研究, 2016, 36(2):332~346

    Li Nan, Hao Qingzhen, Zhang Xujiao et al. Geochemicl evidence for the provenance of loess deposits in the eastern Qinling Mountains, Central China. Quaternary Sciences, 2016, 36(2):332~346

    [51]

    陈秀玲, 李志忠, 贾丽敏等.新疆伊犁河谷沙漠沉积的稀土元素特征及其环境意义.第四纪研究, 2013, 33(2):368~375

    Chen Xiuling, Li Zhizhong, Jia Limin et al. Rare earth element characteristics of desert sediments in Ili valley and their environmental implication. Quaternary Sciences, 2013, 33(2):368~375

    [52]

    侯顺民, 刘秀铭, 吕镔等.土耳其Nallihan黄土-古土壤岩石磁学特征及其环境意义.第四纪研究, 2015, 35(4):1006~1019

    Hou Shunmin, Liu Xiuming, Lü Bin et al. Rock magnetic properties of loess in Nallihan, Turkey and its environmental significances. Quaternary Sciences, 2015, 35(4):1006~1019

    [53]

    乔彦松, 赵志中, 李增悦等.成都平原红土堆积的风成成因证据.第四纪研究, 2007, 27(2):286~294

    Qiao Yansong, Zhao Zhizhong, Li Zengyue et al. Aeolian origin of the red earth formation in the Chengdu Plain. Quaternary Sciences, 2007, 27(2):286~294

    [54]

    叶玮.新疆西风区黄土沉积特征与古气候.北京:海洋出版社, 2001. 1~175

    Ye Wei. The Loess Deposition Features and Paleoclimate in Westerly Region of Xinjiang. Beijing:China Ocean Press, 2001. 1~175

    [55]

    梁美艳, 郭正堂, 顾兆炎.中新世风尘堆积的地球化学特征及其与上新世和第四纪风尘堆积的比较.第四纪研究, 2006, 26(4):657~664

    Liang Meiyan, Guo Zhengtang, Gu Zhaoyan. Geochemical characteristics of the Miocene eolian deposits and comparison with the Pliocene and Quaternary eolian deposits. Quaternary Sciences, 2006, 26(4):657~664

    [56]

    陈丽华, 缪昕, 于众.扫描电镜在地质上的应用.北京:科学出版社, 1986. 1~172

    Chen Lihua, Miao Xin, Yu Zhong. The Application of SEM in Geology. Beijing:Science Press, 1986. 1~172

    [57]

    邱维理, 李容全, 朱楠等.河北省丰宁地区全新世风沙活动及其对古文化的影响.第四纪研究, 2005, 25(6):729~740

    Qiu Weili, Li Rongquan, Zhu Nan et al. Aeolian sand activities at Fengning, Hebei Province during Holocene and their influence on ancient culture. Quaternary Sciences, 2005, 25(6):729~740

    [58]

    刘进峰, 郭正堂, 乔彦松等.秦安中新世黄土-古土壤序列石英颗粒形态特征、粒度分布及其对成因的指示意义.科学通报, 2005, 50(24):2806~2809 doi: 10.1007/s11434-005-0811-8

    Liu Jinfeng, Guo Zhengtang, Qiao Yansong et al. Eolian origin of the Miocene loess-soil sequence at Qin'an, China:Evidence of quartz morphology and quartz grain-size. Chinese Science Bulletin, 2006, 51(1):117~120 doi: 10.1007/s11434-005-0811-8

    [59]

    Wright V P. Paleosols:Their Recognition and Interpretation. Oxford:Blackwell Scientific Publications, 1986. 1~315

    [60]

    Nettleton W D, Olson C G, Wysocki D A. Paleosol classification:Problems and solutions. Catena, 2000, 41(3):61~92

    [61]

    Retallack G J. Soils of the Past:An Introduction to Paleopedology (Second Edition). Oxford:Blackwell Scientific Publications, 2001. 1~395

    [62]

    Retallack G J. Paleosols. In:Winfried Henke, Ian Tattersall eds. Handbook of Paleoanthropology (Second Edition):Principles, Methods and Approaches. Berlin:Springer, 2014. 511~535

    [63]

    Loope D B. Rhizoliths in ancient eolianites. Sedimentary Geology, 1988, 56:301~314 doi: 10.1016/0037-0738(88)90058-9

    [64]

    刘秀铭, 吕镔, 毛学刚等.风积地层中铁矿物随环境变化及其启示.第四纪研究, 2014, 34(3):443~457

    Liu Xiuming, Lü Bin, Mao Xuegang et al. Iron minerals of aeolian deposits vary with environment and its significances. Quaternary Sciences, 2014, 34(3):443~457

    [65]

    赵景波.淀积理论与黄土高原环境演变.北京:科学出版社, 2002. 1~224

    Zhao Jingbo. Deposition Theory and Evolvement of Loess Plateau Environment. Beijing:Science Press, 2002. 1~224

    [66]

    Retallack G J. Pedogenic carbonate proxies for amount and seasonality of precipitation in paleosols. Geology, 2005, 33(4):333~336 doi: 10.1130/G21263.1

    [67]

    李春园, 王先彬, 文启彬等.黄土沉积物中碳酸盐的碳、氧同位素组成特征与古气候.中国科学(B辑), 1995, 25(3):318~323

    Li Chunyuan, Wang Xianbin, Wen Qibin et al. The relationship between carbon and oxygen isotopic composition characteristics of carbonates in loess sediments and paleoclimate. Science in China (Series B), 1995, 38(8):979~986

    [68]

    Retallack G J, McDowell P. Paleoenvironmental interpretation of paleosols. Geology, 1988, 16(4):375~376 doi: 10.1130/0091-7613(1988)016<0375:PIOP>2.3.CO;2

    [69]

    温昌辉, 刘秀铭, 吕镔等.江西石城盆地白垩纪地层中成壤特征及古环境分析.第四纪研究, 2016, 36(6):1418~1431

    Wen Changhui, Liu Xiuming, Lü Bin et al. The Cretaceous redbeds in Shicheng Basin, Jiangxi Province:Pedogenic and paleoenvironmental characteristics. Quaternary Sciences, 2016, 36(6):1418~1431

    [70]

    陈静生.我国北部土壤和第四纪沉积物中化学淀积物的形成和地理分布规律.地理学报, 1980, 35(1):24~32

    Chen Jingsheng. Formation and distribution of chemical precipitates in soils and Quaternary sediments in Northern China. Acta Geographica Sinica, 1980, 35(1):24~32

    [71]

    刘秀铭, 郭晖, 刘植等.甘肃临夏盆地红色地层磁组构特征与沉积环境分析.第四纪研究, 2012, 32(4):615~625

    Liu Xiuming, Guo Hui, Liu Zhi et al. Magnetic anisotropy of red stratum in Linxia Basin and its environment of sedimentation. Quaternary Sciences, 2012, 32(4):615~625

    [72]

    Idnurm M. Late Mesozoic and Cenozoic palaeomagnetism of Australia:A redetermined apparent polar wander path. Geophysical Journal International, 1985, 83(2):399~418 doi: 10.1111/gji.1985.83.issue-2

    [73]

    Mallett C W. Studies in Victorian Tertiary Foraminifera:Neogene Planktonic Faunas. Melbourne:The Doctor Dissertation of the University of Melbourne, 1977. 1~381

    [74]

    Zhang X Y, Gong S L, Zhao T L et al. Sources of Asian dust and role of climate change versus desertification in Asian dust emission. Geophysical Research Letters, 2003, 30(24):2272~2275

    [75]

    鹿化煜, 王先彦, 李郎平.晚新生代亚洲干旱气候发展与全球变冷联系的风尘沉积证据.第四纪研究, 2008, 28(5):949~956

    Lu Huayu, Wang Xianyan, Li Langping. Aeolian dust records indicate the link age of globalcooling and Asian drying in Late Cenozoic. Quaternary Sciences, 2008, 28(5):949~956

    [76]

    Martin H A. Cenozoic climatic change and the development of the arid vegetation in Australia. Journal of Arid Environments, 2006, 66(3):533~563 doi: 10.1016/j.jaridenv.2006.01.009

    [77]

    Alley N F. Cenozoic stratigraphy, palaeoenvironment and geological evolution of the Lake Eyre basin. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 1998, 144(3):239~263

    [78]

    Stein R, Robert C. Siliciclastic sediments at sites 588, 590, and 591:Neogene and Paleogene evolution in the Southwest Pacific and Australian climate. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 1985, 90:1437~1455

    [79]

    Dunlea A G, Murray R W, Sauvage J et al. Dust, volcanic ash, and the evolution of the South Pacific Gyre through the Cenozoic. Paleoceanography, 2015, 30(8):1078~1099 doi: 10.1002/2015PA002829

    [80]

    Stancin A M, Gleason J D, Hovan S A et al. Miocene to recent eolian dust record from the Southwest Pacific Ocean at 40 S latitude. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 2008, 261(3):218~233

    [81]

    Dexel J F, Preiss W V. The Geology of South Australia (Vol.2):The Phanerozoic. South Australia:Geological Survey of South Australia, 1993. 167~184

    [82]

    Dodson J R, Ramrath A.澳大利亚的第三纪及第三纪-第四纪过渡期.第四纪研究, 2000, 20(5):397~408

    Dodson J R, Ramrath A. The Tertiary and Tertiary-Quaternary transition in Australian. Quaternary Sciences, 2000, 20(5):397~408

    [83]

    Zachos J, Pagani M, Sloan L et al. Trends, rhythms, and aberrations in global climate 65Ma to present. Science, 2001, 292(5517):686~693 doi: 10.1126/science.1059412

    [84]

    马小林, 田军. 15Ma以来海陆记录的轨道-构造尺度东亚季风的演化以及西北内陆的干旱化.第四纪研究, 2015, 35(6):1320~1330

    Ma Xiaolin, Tian Jun. East Asian monsoon evolution and aridification of Northwest China viewed from land and sea on the tectonic-orbital time scale since 15Ma. Quaternary Sciences, 2015, 35(6):1320~1330

    [85]

    应红, 宋春晖, 鲍晶等.柴达木盆地东北缘中中新世以来古气候变化.第四纪研究, 2016, 36(4):847~858

    Ying Hong, Song Chunhui, Bao Jing et al. Paleoclimate change since the Middle Miocene in the northeastern Qaidam Basin. Quaternary Sciences, 2016, 36(4):847~858

    [86]

    Shevenell A E, Kennett J P, Lea D W. Middle Miocene southern ocean cooling and Antarctic cryosphere expansion. Science, 2004, 305(5691):1766~1770 doi: 10.1126/science.1100061

    [87]

    Shevenell A E, Kennett J P, Lea D W. Middle Miocene ice sheet dynamics, deep-sea temperatures, and carbon cycling:A Southern Ocean perspective. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 2008, 9(2):1256~1256

    [88]

    同济大学海洋地质系编.海陆相地层辨认标志.北京:科学出版社, 1980. 1~230

    The Department of Marine Geology in Tongji University. The Distinguishing Symbol of Marine and Terrestrial Facies. Beijing:Science Press, 1980. 1~230

    [89]

    Johnson D. The Geology of Australia. Cambridge:Cambridge University Press, 2009. 173~175

    [90]

    李文勤, 赵全基.庙岛群岛第四系松散堆积物初步研究.海洋科学, 1981, 5(3):20~22

    Li Wenqin, Zhao Quanji. Preliminary study on the accumulation of Miaodao Islands in Quaternary. Marine Science, 1981, 5(3):20~22

    [91]

    刘东生等.黃土与环境.北京:科学出版社, 1985. 21~26

    Liu Tungsheng et al. Loess and Environment. Beijing:Science Press, 1985. 191~277

    [92]

    Miller K G, Kominz M A, Browning J V et al. The Phanerozoic record of global sea-level change. Science, 2005, 310(5752):1293~1298 doi: 10.1126/science.1116412

  • 加载中
通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
  • 1. 

    沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

  1. 本站搜索
  2. 百度学术搜索
  3. 万方数据库搜索
  4. CNKI搜索

Figures(12)

Article Metrics

Article views(643) PDF downloads(508) Cited by(0)

Access History

Catalog

    /

    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint